DE TRACY AND TALON. 51
clear their lands in a certain time, and, going through a curious ceremony known as paying homage, promised to be true to the king. Instead of cutting down the trees'and clearing the soil themselves, they divided their land amongst men willing to work it and to pay a small rent. This rent was paid sometimes in money, oftener in grain, or live fowls, or some other farm produce. The seigneur might also demand a certain portion of the fish caught by his tenants, and might require them to use and pay for the use of his mill and oven. But if the tenants paid the rent and kept to their agreements, the seigneur could not oblige them to give up their farms; while, if he did not see that his grant was cleared in proper time, it might be taken away from him.
The First The lands along the St. Lawrence were Settlements. settled first, as the colonists all preferred farms bordering on the river ; and the grants were generally divided into narrow strips, which often were ten times as long as they were broad. The tenants usually built their houses close to the water, in a row, like a straggling village ; but in places exposed to the attacks of the Indians, the cottages were clustered together, and were surrounded by a palisade. --
Generosity At this time the king's generosity knew no of Louis XIV. bounds. He gave the new settlers food, and tools, and cattle to stock their farms. He also encouraged the colonists to start factories by granting them money, or by giving orders that the goods when finished should be used in the royal service. In this way ship-building was begun, and the making of cloth, salt, rope, hats, and other articles; but the people be-came almost too ready to run to the intendant for help.--
The Fur The fur trade was still the most important
Trade. business in the colony. About a year after
the Company of the Hundred Associates was broken up,