business brisk. The Conservatives declared the improve-
ment in trade was due, partly at least, to the " National
Policy," and for several rears the revenue of the country
was more than enough to meet the expenses of govern-
ment. This surplus, as it is called, was often spent in
helping to build new railways.
During this year (1881) and the previous Manitoba. one there was a great rush of people from the older provinces to _Manitoba and the North-West. Numerous towns were laid out on paper, and some people rashly paid high prices for lots in them. Wages were high, and for a while business was exceedingly good. Then a period of disappointment followed, and some men who had hoped to make fortunes returned to the eastern provinces poorer than when they left them.