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70   FODDER AND PASTURE PLANTS.

Cultural conditions: It reaches perfection in wet meadows where the soil is rich in organic matter, and it makes good growth on clays or clay loams which are flooded from time to time. Stagnant water will not hurt it and it is therefore preferable to Rough-stalked Meadow Grass in marshy and swampy localities, where the latter is apt to rot at the base of the stems.

Habits of growth: It is rather easy to start the plants from seed but it takes them two or three years to reach full development. If the soil and other conditions are favourable, it will in time crowd out other grasses and form a dense and persisting sod. It starts growth later than does Kentucky Blue Grass and generally blooms some weeks later. It is peculiar in remaining green and fairly succulent a long time after flowering.

Agricultural value: Fowl Meadow Grass is generally grown for hay, and in low-lying localities, with abundant water, the bulk produced is very great. It gives a rich fodder, relished by all kinds of stock. As it gives a good second growth, it is evident that it is of considerable value as a forage plant. It is usually sown with other grasses such as Red Top and Timothy.

Seed: Fowl Meadow Grass is grown for seed to only a limited extent, the most important cultures being established in Bohemia, Austria.

Quality of seed: The seeds, which have a tuft of cobweb-like hairs attached to their base before being cleaned, are yellowish-brown, often with a reddish or purplish tinge. They differ from Kentucky Blue and Rough-stalked Meadow Grass seeds principally in the glumes, which are rather blunt and have indistinct nerves.

WATER MEADOW GRASS (Glyceria aquatica (L.) Wahlb.)
Seed, Plate 26, Fig. 17.

Botanical description: Water Meadow Grass is perennial, with a very long and thick creeping rootstock. The stems, which generally root at the base, are stout and up to nine feet high. They are leafy to above the middle; the leaves are long and broad. The whole plant has a peculiar bright green or yellowish-green colour. Water Meadow Grass may also be readily recognized by the two yellow or yellowish-brown spots at the upper end of the sheaths. The flowers are in a spreading panicle, which is sometimes a foot and a


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