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FOREST FIRES AND BRUSH DISPOSAL,   117

  1.  Never start a fire in the morning unless you feel certain a strong wind will not arise. The best time to start a fire is after 4 o'clock in the afternoon on a calm day; if the weather is warm and the slash dry, all the better.

  2. If the slash-area is surrounded by timber, start fire first on the leeward side if there is a breeze, or on the uphill side if on a slope. When the danger of fire spreading beyond the area to be burned is past, set fire on the windward side or at the base of the slope; also, whenever possible, take advantage of a breeze blowing away from green timber.

  3. Burn over the area as quickly as possible. This can be done by starting fires in a large number of places.

  4.  Keep a watchman on the area burned until all fires are out. Cut down any snags which may be burning. All fires should be completely out before June 15.

Experience has shown that slash can be burned safely at the cost of five to twenty cents an acre, and that this expense is fully repaid by the resulting added safety of the camps, equipment, and surrounding timber.

The cost can be materially reduced if the policy of annual burning is definitely adopted, since by a little forethought the superintendent and foreman can arrange to have drag and skid roads serve as fire-breaks. When it is known where the boundary of an area to be burned will lie, it is also a material help to have the trees felled away from the green timber.

Yours very truly,

H. R. MACMILLAN

Chief Forester-

REMOVAL OF' SLASH TO REDUCE FIRE HAZARD

The Forest Act provides authority for disposing of slash where
it creates a dangerous hazard, and, since these provisions have a general
bearing on the subject of slash disposal, the instructions governing
their enforcement issued by the Forest Branch to the field force will
probably be of interest. These instructions also include the regulations
governing the hazard caused by the use of fire in industrial operations.
Section 123 of the Forest Act provides that:—The

Reports on   Minister or the Provincial Forest Board shall have Fire Dangers.

power to declare any inflammable material, which en-

dangers life or property, a public nuisance, and upon receipt of notice to this effect the owner or occupier of, or the person conducting any operations for the cutting and removal of forest material from the land upon which any such nuisance exists, shall immediately remove or abate such nuisance to the satisfaction of the Minister or the Provincial Forest Board.


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