of the licenses on a saw-timber limit. This situation is explained in the following extract from a statement received from the Provincial Department of Lands, Forests and Mines:
"There have been no brush disposal clauses inserted in timber sales in Ontario, except in the case of the Jocko limits. The Jocko limits contain mature white pine, averaging some five trees to the acre, scattered amongst the hardwood growth. The manner of brush disposal was left to the discretion of the officers of the department, and it was felt that lopping of tops and burning of brush along roads and about camps would be all that was necessary to insure reasonable protection.
" The lopping of tops was carried out satisfactorily the first season, but very severe wind-falls throughout the area have placed the limits in a very dirty condition. The amount of debris caused by taking out the big pine was so small a factor that this season the clauses in regard to brush disposal have been withdrawn. At the present time, I do not think the government favours any brush disposal conditions in regard to timber sales, as the later sales have contained no clauses to this effect."
Aside from a certain amount of experimental work carried on by the Laurentide Company, upon selected portions of their pulp wood limits on the St. Maurice watershed, relatively little consideration has been given the matter of brush disposal in the Province of Quebec. So far as the provincial government is concerned, the following extract from a statement by Mr. G. C. Piche, chief of the Forest Service, Department of Lands and Forests, will explain the situation:
" As to progress made in brush disposal, I must say that, to my knowledge, nothing has been done except to induce the limit-holders to cut into the tops as much as possible, and the Minister has approved a proposal to allow them a rebate of 50 per cent on the stumpage dues for the logs less than six inches in diameter. In the St. Maurice district, out of 20,000,000 logs made during the last three years, about 20 per cent were logs less than six inches, which volume represented some 33,000,000 feet board measure. A few years ago this material would have been lost and would have increased the danger of fire. Therefore, I believe our action is fully justified and will induce the lumbermen to be more and more economical and the province will benefit by increased revenue from timber previously wasted. Also. the forest will be conserved for a much longer period, as we gained about 10 per cent by the removal of these small logs. I had expected