river pilot. Attempts were made to induce some of the inhabitants to serve as pilots, but the Canadians did all in their power to impede the progress of the invaders.
One of the stories of this period, which is still recounted with much satisfaction at gatherings of the older habitants along the Lower St. Lawrence, is that of Francheville, the cure of River Ouelle. According to this story, while a landing was being attempted from some of Phips' ships, the cure doffed his clerical garb, clothed himself in habitant costume, including cape, capote, and sash, and musket in hand, led his parishioners to the river. Selecting a hiding place near a point where the New Englanders' boats were expected to land he placed his followers in ambush. When the boats drew near the shore they were met by a deadly volley and driven back to their ships with greatly diminished crews. All along the St. Lawrence similar parties of armed habitants followed the course of the fleet, and at each attempted landing the boats were greeted with volleys of musketry.
The only chance of success for the expedition had been in taking Quebec by surprise, but this was lost owing to the delays in preparing the expedition in New England, to the time wasted in negotiations with the Home authorities, and to the unavoidable and long delays due to contrary winds. Reports early reached Canada of the preparations in the New England colonies, and steps were taken to improve the defences of Quebec. It was not, however, until the fleet was well in the St. Lawrence that Frontenac instructed Callieres, Governor of Montreal, to come to his assistance with such force as he had at his disposal, mustering the inhabitants of the settlements between Montreal and Quebec on the way. The response to Frontenac's appeal for assistance was most satisfactory, men flocking in from all the parishes, far and near. When Phips' vessels hove in sight, 2,700 armed men were gathered within the fortifications, and the "armed in-habitants" of Beauport and Ste. Anne de Beaupre were