between Lorette and Ste. Foy. Levis' army comprised 6,910 fighting men, including the following regular regiments: La Reine, Languedoc, La Sarre, Beam, Royal Roussillon, Guyenne and Berry (two battalions), besides cavalry, 200; Indians, 278; Montreal town militia battalion, 287.
On the morning of Monday, April 28th, General Murray, through lack of confidence in the "wretched fortifications" of Quebec and being anxious to prevent the French from establishing batteries and making regular approaches, led his troops through St. Louis and St. John gates towards Sillery and Ste. Foy. He had the advantage of Levis in field artillery, and in the event of failure could retreat to Quebec and hold out to the last extremity; then, if necessary, retire to the island of Orleans to await reinforcements.
Murray marched out with all the force he could muster, some 3,000 men, one-third of whom had that day come voluntarily out of the hospitals, and formed his little army on the heights of Ste. Foy. While his line was forming, he reconnoitred the enemy, and perceived that their van had taken possession of rising ground three-quarters of a mile in his front, but that their main column was still upon the march. With quick resolution he decided to attack them before they had time to form up. He drew up his line of battle in the following order: The right wing, consisting of Amherst's (15th Regiment), Anstruther's (58th), Second Battalion of Royal Americans (60th), and Webb's (48th) under command of Colonel Burton; the left wing, composed of Kennedy's (43rd), Lascelles' (47th), Highlanders (63rd, 78th), and Bragg's (28th), commanded by Colonel Fraser; the re-serve, composed of Otway's (35th), and Third Battalion of Royal Americans (60th) under Colonel Young. Major Dalling, with a corps of light infantry, covered the right flank; Captain Donald McDonald, a brave and experienced officer, with a company of volunteers and Hazen's Rangers, the left. Each battalion had two field-pieces.