CREATING THE CANADIAN ARMY 83
In cases where the recruit's services were more valuable to the State in the employment in which he was engaged he was not to be taken without 1the authority of the Adjutant-General.
Badges were to be issued to men who had been honourably discharged; to men who had offered for service and who had been rejected; and to men who had been refused upon the ground that their services were of more value to the State in their present employment than if they enlisted for service in any of H.M. forces. Penal-ties were provided for fraudulently or without proper authority issuing or wearing such badge or imitation thereof.
Generally speaking, the best recruiting agent had been found to be the civilian, holding some prominent and responsible position, who had two or three sons or other near relatives serving at the front. Returned officers of the Canadian Expeditionary Force sometimes erred through excess of zeal and allowed their resentment against "slacking" to run away with them. Unorganized competition led to the multiplication of offices and complication of machinery; and hence it was proposed to establish one depot in each city which was to be unattached to any unit, expenses to be borne by Head-quarters. The advocates of compulsory registration adduce the examples of Great Britain, Australia, and New Zealand.'
They suggested that lists of employes of military age not "starred," i.e., absolved from military service, should be kept posted up by all employers. Of course in order to raise men by this scheme the creation of Boards or Commissions to determine claims for exemption would have been necessary.
In September, 1916, Mr. R. B. Bennett, M.P. for Calgary, succeeded Sir Thomas Tait. A year later Mr.
'The National Register in Great Britain gives the name, age, dependents, occupation and measure of skill in other work of every male and female between the ages of 15 and 65. In New Zealand, of males only, between the ages of 17 and 60.