Provinces—the latter through the agency of the Royal North-West Mounted Police. It was now obligatory, however, in view of the comprehensive investigation which was contemplated, to provide less improvised and casual arrangements, and steps were at once taken to place the facilities for internment operations upon a proper and sufficient basis. By Order-in-Council of November 6th, 1914, a new and final military organization was created. It was first of all incumbent to select an officer of judgment and experience for the new and responsible task. The long and distinguished career of Major-General Sir William Otter, K.C.B., C.V.O., is well-known to Canadians. Sir William Otter, after a period of military service dating back to the 'sixties of the last century, had been Inspector-General of the Canadian forces in 1912, but was on the retired list when war broke out. He was now recalled by the Government with the offer of the command and direction of the new service. The duties of the office, as prescribed by the Order-in-Council, included the obtaining of premises of detention as advisable, the making of provision for the maintenance and employment of the prisoners, and the quartering and rationing of the troops employed. The necessary forces for carrying out the operations were to be placed at his disposal by the Department of Militia, and he was also given power to call upon the Royal North-West Mounted Police and the Dominion Police for police and secret service work. To meet financial requirements the issue of credits out of the war appropriation fund was authorized.
It may be added here that when at a later date the destitution among the German and Austrian aliens in the vicinity of Montreal and Fort William increased, grants in relief were authorized by the Government and subsistence issued weekly to many families until employment could be obtained by their bread-winners. In Montreal, the fund set aside for this purpose was administered by the resident Consul-General of the